Scuola superiore sant'anna

Titolare di assegno di ricerca

Chiara Macchi


Chiara Macchi is currently postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Dirpolis Institute and lecturer in International Human Rights Law and in Business and Human Rights. She completed her PhD in International Human Rights Law at the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna in 2015 with a thesis on corporate accountability for human rights violations in their global supply chains. In 2012 and 2013 she was a visiting PhD student at the University of Essex, School of Law, and is since then a project associate of the Essex Business and Human Rights Project (EBHR). She has been a research intern with the European Union delegation to Namibia and with the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre (London).

Research interests

Her main research interests include the international law avenues to improve corporate accountability for human rights violations; extraterritorial human rights obligations (ETOs); the protection of the human right to water from the harmful impacts of industrial projects; human rights issues in the extractive industry.


At the Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna she has co-authored a report in the framework of a consultancy for the Italian Ministry of Economic Development on the business and human rights legal and policy framework in Italy. As an EBHR associate, she has carried out several consultancies for NGOs, governments and one private company on business and human rights issues.


She is part of the following networks:

-       Teaching Business & Human Rights Forum – Columbia University

-       The BHRight Initiative for Interdisciplinary Research and Teaching on Business and Human Rights

Peer-reviewed journals

- C. Macchi, 'Right to Water and the Threat of Business: Corporate Accountability and the State's Duty to Protect', 35(3) Nordic Journal of Human Rights (2017), pp. 186-202

- E. Giuliani, C. Macchi, ‘Multinational corporations’ economic and human rights impacts on developing countries: a review and research agenda’, 38(2) Cambridge Journal of Economics (2014) 479-517

- C. Macchi, ‘Imprese multinazionali, violazioni ambientali e diritti individuali: la sentenza Shell della Corte distrettuale dell’Aja’ (Multinational corporations, environmental damage and individual rights: The Hague District Court’s ruling in the Shell case), 8(2) Diritti Umani e Diritto Internazionale (2013) 517-524

- D. Fiaschi, E. Giuliani, C. Macchi, O. Perrone, ‘Corporate Social Responsibility and Human Rights Abuses. A comparison of the Strategies adopted by Advanced Country and BRIC Multinationals’, 28(106) Politeia (2012) 34-54.

Research chapters

- C. Macchi, ‘The Transnational Dimension of International Organizations’ Duty of Care Towards Their Civilian Personnel: Lessons from the Case Law on States’ Extraterritorial Human Rights Obligations’, in: A. de Guttry, M. Frulli, E. Greppi, C. Macchi (Eds.), The Duty of Care of International Organizations Towards Their Civilian Personnel, T.M.C Asser Press 2018, pp. 433-456

- C. Macchi, ‘A Treaty on Business and Human Rights: Problems and Prospects', in: J.L. Černič, N. Carrillo (Eds.), The Future of Business and Human Rights, Intersentia 2018, pp. 63-86

- C. Macchi, E. Giuliani, ‘Human Rights and European business: The ILVA case’, in: G. Suder, M. Riviere, J. Lindeque (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to European Business, Routledge 2018, pp. 341-352

- C. Macchi, 'La aportación de los Puntos de Contacto Nacionales de la OCSE para garantizar el acceso a la justicia por parte de las victimas de violaciones de derechos humanos en los Estados Miembros de la UE', in: C. Márquez Carrasco, I. Vivas Tesón (Eds.), La implementación de los Principios Rectores de las Naciones Unidas sobre empresas y los derechos humanos por la Unión Europea y sus Estados miembros, Thomson Reuters-Aranzadi 2017, pp 145-165

- E. Giuliani, C. Macchi, D. Fiaschi, ‘Corporate Social Irresponsibility in International Business’, in: International Business and Sustainable Development, R. van Tulder, A. Verbeke, R. Strange (Eds.), European International Business Academy (EIBA)/Emerald 2014, pp 141-171

- Forthcoming: C. Bright, C. Macchi, ‘Hardening soft law: the implementation of the UNGPs in domestic legislations’, In: M. Buscemi, L. Magi, D. Russo, N. Lazzerini, Legal Sources in Business & Human Rights. Evolving Dynamics in International and European Law (forthcoming, 2019).

Edited books

- A. de Guttry, M. Frulli, E. Greppi, C. Macchi (Eds.), The Duty of Care of International Organizations Towards Their Civilian Personnel, T.M.C Asser Press/Springer 2018

- A. de Guttry, G. Schinina’, C. Macchi (Eds.), Psychosocial Support and Dialogue in Syria and Lebanon, International Organization for Migration (forthcoming: 2018).

Research reports

- C. Macchi, T. Van Ho, L. F. Yanes, 'Investor Obligations in Occupied Territories: A Report on the Norwegian Government Pension Fund - Global', Essex Business and Human Rights Project, 2019.

- C. Cinelli, D. De Felice, C. Macchi, ‘Imprese e Diritti Umani: il caso Italia – Analisi del Quadro Normativo e delle Politiche di Salvaguardia’, 2013 (product of the business and human rights consultancy carried out for the Italian Ministry of Economic Development).

Posts on specialized blogs

- C. Macchi, ‘”Foreign Direct Liability Claims” in Europa: Sviluppi Recenti e Sfide Future’, SIDIBlog [blog of the Italian Society of International Law], 4 June 2018,

- C. Macchi, ‘The Draft EU Regulation on Conflict Minerals: “Smart Mix” or Missed Opportunity?’, Rights As usual [the blog of Prof. N. Bernaz], 27 October 2016,

  • Accountability of multinational corporations for human rights violations
  • The human right to water
  • Extraterritorial human rights obligations (ETOs)
  • The conflict minerals supply chain
  • Human rights issues in the oil and mining industry


Conferenze recenti

  • 'Protecting the Right to Water from the harmful impacts of business activities: a forward-looking assessment of the contribution of the Covenants through the work of their treaty bodies' - INTRAlaw Colloquium, ‘Interaction between human rights: 50 years of the Covenants’, Aarhus University (Denmark), 29-30 September 2016.
  • 'A critical assessment of the draft EU Regulation on Conflict Minerals' - International Conference on Business and Human Rights, University of Seville, 20-21 October 2016.
  • 'Sustainable Development Goal 6, Clean Water and Sanitation: ensuring the primacy of human rights over commercial interests' - ESIL Interest Group on Business and Human Rights Workshop, European Society of International Law, Annual Conference, Riga (Latvia), 7 September 2016.
  • 'Doing business in high-risk human rights environments: exploring the challenges for companies and the concept of “enhanced human rights due diligence”' - Workshop 'Human Rights and the Multinational Enterprise', Pisa, 4-5 February 2016.


Istituto di Diritto, Politica e Sviluppo