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Francesco Buscemi


Francesco Buscemi is a PhD candidate in Political Science, European Politics and International Relations (PEI) at the Pisa-based Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, and a member of the Research School on Peace and Conflict at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). He holds a Master degree in Law from the University of Bologna and a Master in Human Rights and Conflict Management from Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies. He has previous work experience with the Italian Army, the European Union-funded UNDP-operated SEESAC small arms control program in Belgrade and the Flemish Peace Institute, Brussels. His main areas of interest lie in the fields of peace and conflict studies and critical security studies. In particular, he focuses on insurgency and civil war, Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and the character of armed violence.

Academic Articles

Buscemi, F. (2019), Armed Political Orders through the Prism of Arms: Relations between Weapons and Insurgencies in Myanmar And Ukraine, Interdisciplinary Political Studies, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 189-231. DOI: 10.1285/i20398573v5n1p189

Buscemi, F. (2017), Circulation Must be Defended: Illicit Arms Proliferation and Flows in the Western balkans, ITCPM Commentary, Vol. 16, No. 42, pp. 10-16. 


Book Chapters

Buscemi, F., Duquet, N., Golovko, E. and Woods, E. (2018), Illicit firearms proliferation in the EU periphery: the case of Ukraine, in: Duquet, N. ed., Triggering Terror. Illicit Gun Markets and Firearms Acquisition of Terrorist Networks in Europe, Brussels: Flemish Peace Institute.



Buscemi, F., Missing Pieces in a Weapons Seizure in Northern Shan State, Security Praxis, 9 January 2020,

Buscemi, F., From the Borderlands to the Centre: Fieldwork in Myanmar's Northern Shan State, Security Praxis, 6 January 2020, 

Buscemi, F., What Comes First, Disarmament or Peace? Insights from Fieldwork in Myanmar, Security Praxis, 8 March 2019, 

Buscemi, F., Politics, Conflict and Criminality: Firearms Proliferation in Ukraine, Security Praxis, 31 May 2018,

Buscemi, F., Mutually Constitutive State-building Processes in the Borderlands of Myanmar, Security Praxis, 15 March 2018,

Buscemi, F., Colonel Mathieu in the Borderlands of Myanmar, Tea Circle Oxford, 19 Febrauary 2018,

My doctoral research project deals with the interrelations between weapons dynamics and armed conflict. Specifically It tries to better understand how arms availability and control processes by non-state actors impact on authority and governance in conflict and no peace/no war situations as the epitome of contexts and spaces at the limits of state capacities. Arms are understood as resources that on the one hand need to be acquired in order to uphold a given agenda and, on the other, need to be controlled at different levels during and in the aftermath of conflict. To approach the linkages between arms and conflict in a non-deterministic way, the research strives to focus on actors and their practices in relation to these tools in order to bridge physical-material and socio-political aspects of conflict. To do so, authority and governance are analysed from a spatial perspective. Through the lens of arms dynamics, this means to focus on the role of firearms acquisition and control processes in the construction of four main categories of space: territory/territorialisation, place, scale, and network. From this perspective, the constitution and distribution of authority and governance together with arms availability and control, emerge as mutually constitutive dimensions of the same phenomenon. The project is conducted with a qualitative methodology through fieldwork methods and using an embedded case study from armed conflicts in Myanmar. The case of Myanmar civil war is layered into different sub-cases (at this stage Kayah/Karenni, Northern Shan, and Kachin States).


Istituto di Diritto, Politica e Sviluppo