Scuola superiore sant'anna

Professore Associato

Calogero Maria Oddo

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I was born in 1983 and I currently serve as Associate Professor of Bioengineering at Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (SSSA), Pisa, and head of the Neuro-Robotic Touch Laboratory at The BioRobotics Institute, coordinating a team of 21 research fellows. I am currently supervisor or tutor of 9 PhD students in biorobotics, I was the supervisor of 3 PhD students who graduated with honors in biorobotics, and of several BSc and MSc Theses on bioengineering topics.

Currently, I teach courses on Neuromorphic Engineering for the joint MSc degree in Bionics Engineering with the University of Pisa and on Neuromorphic Computing for Honors College students of SSSA.

Previously, at SSSA I served as Tenure-Track Assistant Professor of Bioengineering since 2016 to 2019 and as Assistant Professor of Bioengineering since 2012 to 2016 and postdoctoral fellow since 2011 to 2012.

I obtained, all with honours: PhD in BioRobotics from SSSA (graduated in May 2011, admitted in Jan 2008 1st in the ranking of candidates to the BioRobotics programme), MSc and BSc in Electronic Eng from University of Pisa (in July 2007 and July 2005, respectively, 1st student graduating in the MSc and BSc courses), 2nd and 1st level degrees in Industrial and Information Eng from SSSA (admitted in Sept 2002 to a selective honors programme with 10 positions and 334 applicants, confirmed in 2005 as 1st in the ranking of SSSA honors students in engineering). In 2010 I spent a visiting research period at the Dept of Physiology of University of Gothenburg. In 2005 I attended courses, with maximum marks, on eBusiness in the digital age at the London School of Economics.

My main research interests are in the Neuro-Robotics Area: specific research topics include implantable medical devices, cybernetic prostheses and biomechatronic systems, tactile sensing and artificial skin, human touch neurophysiology, neuromorphic engineering, tactile sensors for safe human machine integration in the workplace. I have a growing track record in integrating biorobotics and neuroscience with a particular focus on science of touch sense and its artificial engineering, and in this field I am co-authoring high-impact publications indexed in Q1 of Scimago categories. I have H-index 17 in Scopus and 20 in Google Scholar, with 450+ citations per year, steadily increasing. I authored 36 journal publications (20 without PhD supervisor): 16 papers were as a main (1st or 2nd) author and 8 as a senior last author. I have 1 granted international patent, 3 granted national patents and 5 patent applications pending.

I am also paying high attention to disseminating research results to the general public: my studies on touch restoration for hand neuroprosthetics have been featured by several international and national media such as BBC, Fox News, Rai 2, Rai 3, Rete 4, Scientific American, National Geographic, La Repubblica, Il Sole24Ore, ANSA, Daily Mail (

I have a growing portfolio of successful research grants and I was PI or co-PI within 2 EU-FP7 projects (Nanobiotouch; NEBIAS), 2 EU-H2020 project (Endoo, NeuHeart), 2 bilateral projects (Italy-Sweden on touch neurophysiology; Italy-Serbia on tactile sensing for Industry4.0), 4 National projects (HandBot PRIN; NEMESIS; PARLOMA; Intelligent Factory National Cluster), 3 Regional Projects (project manager of CENTAURO; EOLO; IMEROS).

So far, 35 years old, I had responsibility on 4 M€+ research funds secured after application to competitive calls.

I gave invited lectures in leading Universities such as EPFL, Lund University, UPMC in Paris, SISSA in Trieste, Politecnico di Torino, and in international workshops in Europe, USA, India ( and Japan (

Since Feb 2016 up to Jan 2017 I served as Senior Advisor within the activities of the H2020 FET Flagships Interim Evaluation Panel. I currently serve as a member of the Advisory Board of the EFFECT EU project, that supports H2020-FET projects in their communication activities to increase their influence and impact among society, policy makers and stakeholders.

I regularly serve as a reviewer for international conferences, and for 31 international scientific journals. I was appointed to serve as a reviewer for grant proposals presented within the within the OPUS and PRELUDIUM calls in Poland, within the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), within the Regenerative Medicine Initiative of the Britain Israel Research and Academic Exchange (BIRAX) Partnership. I am associate editor of Journal of Sensors (Hindawi), guest editor of 2 research topics in Frontiers journals, and member of the editorial board as review editor of Frontiers in Neurorobotics and in Bionics and Biomimetics journals. I served as co-organizer and finance chair of the International Conference on Neurorehabilitation 2018, of the International Symposium on Wearable Robotics 2018 and of the Inclusive Robotics for a better Society Conference 2018. I served as associate editor of IEEE BioRob (2016-18) and IROS (2018) conferences, and as program committee member of NEUROTECHNIX 2013 and of TAROS 2012-2013.

In 2006 I was awarded by the SSSA Alumni Association with the BioRobotics prize for my BSc thesis, I was finalist for the Best Student Paper Award at IEEE RoBio 2009, in 2011 I was the recipient of the Working Capital award with the SensAlone project, funded by Telecom Italia company (30 awarded, 2133 applicants), and in 2012 I was finalist in the “Georges Giralt PhD Award”, the most important European PhD award in robotics, organized by EURON, the “EUropean RObotics research Network”. In 2016 I was awarded by the “In onore dell'Italia che ci onora” prize at the Accademia dei Georgofili in Florence.

Contributo su Rivista


Main research topics and selected publications

Bionic tactile sensing and touch neurophysiology

  • Oddo, Calogero Maria, Stanisa Raspopovic, Fiorenzo Artoni, Alberto Mazzoni, Giacomo Spigler, Francesco Petrini, Federica Giambattistelli, et al. “Intraneural Stimulation Elicits Discrimination of Textural Features by Artificial Fingertip in Intact and Amputee Humans.” ELife 5 (2016): e09148.
  • Genna, Clara, Calogero M. Oddo, Anders Wahlbom, Alberto Mazzoni, Silvestro Micera, and Henrik Jörntell. “Bilateral Tactile Input Patterns Decoded at Comparable Levels But Different Time Scales in Neocortical Neurons.” The Journal of Neuroscience, 2018.
  • Oddo, C.M., A. Mazzoni, A. Spanne, J.M.D. Enander, H. Mogensen, F. Bengtsson, D. Camboni, S. Micera, and H. Jörntell. “Artificial Spatiotemporal Touch Inputs Reveal Complementary Decoding in Neocortical Neurons.” Scientific Reports 8 (2017).
  • Genna, C., C.M. Oddo, C. Fanciullacci, C. Chisari, H. Jörntell, F. Artoni, and S. Micera. “Spatiotemporal Dynamics of the Cortical Responses Induced by a Prolonged Tactile Stimulation of the Human Fingertips.” Brain Topography 30, no. 4 (2017).
  • Klöcker, A., C.M. Oddo, D. Camboni, M. Penta, and J.-L. Thonnard. “Physical Factors Influencing Pleasant Touch during Passive Fingertip Stimulation.” PLoS ONE 9, no. 7 (2014).

Artificial intelligence and tactile sensing

  • Rongala, U.B., A. Mazzoni, and C.M. Oddo. “Neuromorphic Artificial Touch for Categorization of Naturalistic Textures.” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems 28, no. 4 (2017).
  • Rongala, Udaya B., Anton Spanne, Alberto Mazzoni, Fredrik Bengtsson, Calogero M. Oddo, and Henrik Jörntell. “Intracellular Dynamics in Cuneate Nucleus Neurons Support Self-Stabilizing Learning of Generalizable Tactile Representations.” Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience 12 (2018): 210.
  • Pape, L., C.M. Oddo, M. Controzzi, C. Cipriani, A. Förster, M.C. Carrozza, and J. Schmidhuber. “Learning Tactile Skills through Curious Exploration.” Frontiers in Neurorobotics, no. JULY (2012).
  • Oddo, Calogero M., Marco Controzzi, Lucia Beccai, Christian Cipriani, and Maria Chiara Carrozza. “Roughness Encoding for Discrimiation of Surfaces in Artificial Active-Touch.” IEEE Transactions on Robotics 27, no. 3 (2011): 522–33.
  • Saccomandi, P., Oddo, C.M., Zollo, L., Formica, D., Romeo, R.A., Massaroni, C., Caponero, M.A., Vitiello, N., Guglielmelli, E., Silvestri, S., Schena, E. “Feedforward Neural Network for Force Coding of an MRI-Compatible Tactile Sensor Array Based on Fiber Bragg Grating.” Journal of Sensors 2015 (2015).

Mechanotransduction technology

  • Caliò, R., U.B. Rongala, D. Camboni, M. Milazzo, C. Stefanini, G. de Petris, and C.M. Oddo. “Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Solutions.” Sensors (Switzerland) 14, no. 3 (2014).
  • Oddo, C M, P Valdastri, L Beccai, S Roccella, M C Carrozza, and P Dario. “Investigation on Calibration Methods for Multi-Axis, Linear and Redundant Force Sensors.” Measurement Science and Technology 18, no. 3 (March 2007): 623–31.
  • Lucarotti, C., C.M. Oddo, N. Vitiello, and M.C. Carrozza. “Synthetic and Bio-Artificial Tactile Sensing: A Review.” Sensors (Switzerland) 13, no. 2 (2013).
  • Muhammad, H.B., C.M. Oddo, L. Beccai, C. Recchiuto, C.J. Anthony, M.J. Adams, M.C. Carrozza, D.W.L. Hukins, and M.C.L. Ward. “Development of a Bioinspired MEMS Based Capacitive Tactile Sensor for a Robotic Finger.” Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 165, no. 2 (November 2010): 221–29.
  • Salgarella, A.R., G. Giudetti, L. Ricotti, D. Camboni, G.L. Puleo, F. Ruini, C. Tonda-Turo, et al. “A Bio-Hybrid Mechanotransduction System Based on Ciliate Cells.” Microelectronic Engineering 144 (2015).

Haptics and mechatronic platforms for touch studies

  • Sorgini, F., L. Massari, J. D’Abbraccio, E. Palermo, A. Menciassi, P.B. Petrovic, A. Mazzoni, M.C. Carrozza, F.N. Newell, and C.M. Oddo. “Neuromorphic Vibrotactile Stimulation of Fingertips for Encoding Object Stiffness in Telepresence Sensory Substitution and Augmentation Applications.” Sensors (Switzerland) 18, no. 1 (2018).
  • Sorgini, F., R. Caliò, M.C. Carrozza, and C.M. Oddo. “Haptic-Assistive Technologies for Audition and Vision Sensory Disabilities.” Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology 13, no. 4 (2018).
  • Oddo, Calogero Maria, Lucia Beccai, Nicola Vitiello, Helena Backlund Wasling, Johan Wessberg, and Maria Chiara Carrozza. “A Mechatronic Platform for Human Touch Studies.” Mechatronics 21, no. 3 (2011): 604–13.
  • D’Abbraccio, Jessica, Luca Massari, Sahana Prasanna, Laura Baldini, Francesca Sorgini, Giuseppe Airò Farulla, Andrea Bulletti, et al. “Haptic Glove and Platform with Gestural Control For Neuromorphic Tactile Sensory Feedback In Medical Telepresence †.” Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), 2019.
  • Sorgini, F., A. Mazzoni, L. Massari, R. Caliò, C. Galassi, S.L. Kukreja, E. Sinibaldi, M.C. Carrozza, and C.M. Oddo. “Encapsulation of Piezoelectric Transducers for Sensory Augmentation and Substitution with Wearable Haptic Devices.” Micromachines 8, no. 9 (2017).

Neuromorphic Engineering course within the joint UNIPI-SSSA MSc degree in Bionics Engineering